Category: Mortgage

How to Pick the Best Type of Mortgage

Best Mortgage

Guest Article by Lauren Ward from AAA Credit Guide.

It doesn’t matter if you’re a first time home buyer or picking out another place to call home: applying for a mortgage can be confusing. There are multiple types, and different lenders specialize in different lending programs. To help narrow down the search, here are the most common mortgages demystified according to your personal financial and credit scenario.

Low Credit Score and/or Low on Cash

If your credit score is less than perfect or you don’t have a lot of cash on hand to make a down payment, consider an FHA loan. This type of loan is backed by the federal government, so lenders are able to use slightly less restrictive qualifying guidelines. For example, the minimum credit score is just a 580. With that score, you can pay a down payment as little as 3.5% of the home’s purchase price, which is much less than the traditional 20%.

One downside of the FHA loan is that you’ll have to pay mortgage insurance. You’d have to pay this with any mortgage with less than a 20% down payment, but FHA loans work a bit differently. First, you’ll need to pay an upfront premium at closing, amounting to 1.75% of your loan amount. So if your loan ended up being $100,000 you would pay $1,750 as part of your closing costs.

Then you’d also be charged an annual fee, ranging between 0.45% and 1.05%. But instead of paying it all at once, it’s divided up over your monthly payments. On that same $100,000 loan with the highest fee of 1.05%, you’d end up paying $1,005 per year. That comes to an extra $83.75 on your payment each month.

If you put down 10%, you can have your FHA insurance cancelled after 11 years. Otherwise, you’d have to refinance into another loan at some point down the road in order to get rid of it. But depending on your goals and your local rental market, you could still benefit from an FHA loan.

Cash for Closing, Decent Credit

Most lenders offering conventional loans expect a credit score of at least 620, although some may still take a 580. But if you have better credit and some cash for closing, this is definitely a mortgage worth considering. You may actually be able to get a conventional loan with a down payment as small as 3%, but traditionally, you need at least 5%. Again, it’s about the individual lender you decide to work with.

You’ll still have to pay mortgage insurance with a conventional loan with less than 20% down, but it’s typically much lower than FHA loans. Depending on your credit score and other qualifications, however, you might notice a higher interest rate. So you have to compare your terms holistically to find the best choice. One important point to note is that with a conventional loan, you can cancel your mortgage insurance once you have 20% equity in your home.

Country Living with Zero Cash

If you want to buy a house without having to put any cash down, you can do so with a USDA loan. The catch is that you have to buy a house that is located in a designated rural area. The nice thing, though, is that the term “rural” is applied fairly broadly. You could very likely find a home near or in your town that is within a USDA-approved zone.

Rather than having ongoing private mortgage insurance, a USDA loan only charges a 1% upfront mortgage insurance fee that’s rolled into your loan amount. If you have a $200,000 loan, you could add your mortgage insurance to that to make it $202,000.

After that, you’ll have to pay a low annual fee of 0.35%. Like the FHA PMI, it’s divvied out over your monthly payments each year. However, the difference is that the fee is unrelated to your equity, so you’ll continue paying this fee unless you refinance into a different type of loan.

No Cash for Closing with Military Service

Veterans and active military members alike can take advantage of a VA loan, which also requires a 0% down payment. Credit requirements usually start at 620 for most lenders. Additionally, instead of paying PMI, you’ll pay a funding fee.

For your first VA loan, you’ll pay 2.15% of the home’s purchase price. For subsequent moves using a VA loan, your fee jumps to 3.3%. It’s important to work with a VA-specific lender because you’ll need a Certificate of Eligibility in order to qualify. A qualified lender can help you get the right paperwork together quickly and easily.

Choosing the right type of home loan can help you buy a house in a way that best suits your own situation. Whether your credit is weak or you have limited funds, home ownership doesn’t have to be a pipe dream. There are plenty of mortgage options that could make your dream come true.

Learn how you can start repairing your credit here, and carry on the conversation on our social media platforms. Like and follow us on Facebook and leave us a tweet on Twitter.

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Can Refinancing a Mortgage Hurt My Credit?

refinancing mortgage

Refinancing your mortgage presents a great opportunity to save money by lowering your interest rate and monthly payments. If interest rates have fallen since you originally obtained your mortgage, or you’ve diligently worked on repairing your credit and improving your credit score, you might benefit from exploring your options for refinancing.

Before you do, it’s important to consider if refinancing could potentially hurt your credit. The way refinancing affects you depends on a few different factors. Let’s take a look at what refinancing is and how it can impact your credit.

What is refinancing?

The process of refinancing pays off your existing loan with a new loan. People commonly refinance to take advantage of better interest rates that will lower their monthly payments and save them money throughout the life of the loan. Refinancing is most commonly associated with mortgages but you can refinance any number of loans, including car loans, student loans, and personal loans.

How refinancing affects your credit

When applying for a new loan, the creditor checks your credit report with what’s called a “hard inquiry.” Hard inquiries lower your credit score by a few points. If you shop around for rates and creditors make multiple hard inquiries, this could negatively impact your credit score — unless you’re smart about it.

FICO treats multiple loan inquiries of the same category (auto, mortgage, student, etc.) in a short period of time as a single inquiry. If you shop around for rates but find the right loan within a specified period of time, your score will only be affected by a single inquiry. Keep in mind however, that this applies to rate shopping rather than applying for multiple new credit lines, such as credit cards.

Here’s where it gets a little complicated. The specified period of time varies depending on which version of the FICO formula the creditor uses. In the latest version of the formula, borrowers have 45 days to find the best rate. However, the period is only 14 days for older versions.

Refinancing also results in closing an old loan account and opening a new one. This means you’ll lose your payment history for the previous account in some credit reports. Since payment history makes up 35 percent of your FICO score, this could have a negative impact. Other reports and score models will continue to include your payment history for the closed account, which will result in negligible impact on your credit.

Should you refinance?

It always pays to consider how a financial decision will affect your credit score. In the case of refinancing, the benefits of lower interest rates and lower monthly payments far outweigh the negligible negative effects the process will have on your credit. The minor impact of hard inquiries on your credit report will fade over time as you build payment history with your new, refinanced loan, and benefit from extra money in your pocket.

If you’re interested in refinancing but are concerned about your credit report, the attorneys at Lexington Law understand consumer protection laws and legal rights. We work to ensure your credit reports remain fair and accurate.

Contact us for a free credit repair consultation, including a complete review of your credit report summary and score.

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How to Get the Best Mortgage Rates Possible


Buying a home can be a stressful time full of tough decisions and harsh realities. Many people don’t take proper steps before beginning the mortgage application process. This can result in higher rates, more fees, and can overshadow an otherwise exciting step in a family’s life. Taking a few small steps now to plan for a mortgage later could save you thousands of dollars over the life span of a mortgage. There’s no simple way to guarantee the perfect mortgage rate on the perfect house, but there are a few ways you can plan for success:

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How Does the Federal Interest Rate Increase Affect Buying a Home?


In December 2015, the Federal Reserve raised interest rates for the first time in a decade. Marking a tentative end to economic aid since the financial crisis of 2008, rates are expected to rise between 0.25 and 0.5 percent. Increases stalled in January after the Fed cited concern over unstable financial markets and global growth, but are still expected to continue their gradual uptick as early as March.

While the news reflects positive U.S. market growth, individuals may feel discouraged in the face of rising rates, particularly where mortgages are concerned. If you plan to buy a home in 2016, you are probably wondering how a federal interest rate increase will affect your bottom line. A few considerations include:

  • Account type. The federal interest rate affects different accounts in different ways. According to The New York Times, “Short-term rates will rise by about one percentage point a year for the next three years, Fed officials predicted. Interest rates on mortgages and other kinds of loans, and on savings accounts and other kinds of investments, are likely to remain low for years to come.” The Fed’s decision to raise rates is a cautious one. While you may see a shift in credit card APR, you won’t see a dramatic increase in mortgage rates right away.
  • Inflation effects. Although mortgage interest won’t rise at the same rate as credit card APR, the effects of the latter could lead to inflation, a factor which could increase mortgage rates significantly over the next few years.
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How Higher Rates Will Affect Your Home-Buying Power


First-time homeowners and seasoned real estate investors alike often cringe at the idea of all the work and preparation that goes into purchasing a home. Good credit is almost always a requirement for lender consideration, but thanks to a recent increase in interest rates initiated by the Federal Reserve, potential homebuyers will need to be sure they are in good financial standing to qualify for their dream homes. With higher interest rates, competition for mortgages will be steeper and lender requirements even more important.

Federal rate changes have the potential to change how consumers access credit cards, savings accounts and loans of all types, but according to NBC News, homebuyers should not rush into any purchase agreements to take advantage of current rates.

Peter Lazaroff, director of investment research at Plancorp, a financial service firm, advised against hastened decisions, saying, “homeowners should not accelerate or decelerate their purchase decisions based on a market forecast.”

“All markets, including interest rates, are forward looking. That means that debt prices have already built in expectations for slightly tighter monetary policy,” said Lazaroff.

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