Fast-food workers are demanding a salary bump. On August 29, 2013, ABCNews.com reported a nationwide strike of employees calling for a wage increase of $15 per hour—a significant change from the current minimum wage of $7.25. The protests took place in more than 60 cities across the country and included workers from KFC, Wendy’s, Burger King and McDonald’s. In addition to the wage hike, the protestors hoped to raise awareness surrounding the difficulties of surviving on minimum wage alone.
These recent events beg the following questions:
- Is it possible to live solely on minimum wage?
- How do meager resources affect credit health?
- Is credit repair inevitable for minimum wage earners?
To answer these questions, consider the following scenario:
Stephanie O’Brien is a single mother of two living in a rural Midwestern town. She recently lost her job as an executive assistant, forcing her to take a minimum wage job in retail. Her monthly budget looks like this:
$1,392 (working six days per week, eight-hour shifts)
$712 child support
Income after taxes:
Total: $1,867.33 (Note: child support is tax exempt)
Car payment: $165.00
Car insurance: $46.00
Health insurance: $225.00 (Stephanie’s children are covered under their father’s health plan)
Daycare: $210.00 (Government subsidized after-school care. Stephanie’s mother also babysits three days a week for free)
Credit card payment: $52.00
Supplies (e.g.., clothing for the children, school fees, etc.): $45.00
Money saved each month: $60.67
As you can see, Stephanie’s budget can’t be accommodated by minimum wage earnings. She is actually losing money every month. She relies on her credit card to make ends meet, and the accruing interest prevents her from paying off the balance completely. As her debt increases, so will her need for credit repair.
46.2 million Americans were living below the poverty line in 2012. Credit repair may seem unlikely (and even irrelevant) in such dire circumstances, but the broader point remains significant. Diligence is imperative regardless of income level. Stephanie may feel hopeless, but there are ways to change her situation and focus on good credit to help her improve in the future. She should:
1. Continue to cut costs.
It seems impossible, but Stephanie should try to save as much as possible in order to widen the gap between her income and expenses. She relies heavily on the help of child support, family involvement, and government subsidized child care. What would happen if her ex stopped paying child support or her mother was unable to care for the kids? Without a safety net, Stephanie would be forced to plunge further into debt. She should begin by taking a hard look at her spending to mitigate these risks. For example, if she is able to rely on the city bus for transportation, the result could save her $256 per month in car payments, gas, and insurance. If a car is essential, she could also reduce her grocery bill by making dishes that will last more than one meal (e.g., soup, lasagna, etc.) Stephanie’s choices are limited, but her ability to save is crucial. When faced with future debt, it’s always better to find a money-saving alternative.
2. Look for additional help.
Stephanie already utilizes the government’s childcare program to cut costs, a choice that saves her an average of $800 per month. She may also qualify for Medicaid coverage, allowing her to cut an additional $225.00 per month from her budget. The bottom line: When you’re earning minimum wage, it may be necessary to seek additional help. Do some research to learn more about the options available.
3. Reduce her debts.
Stephanie was able to cut her expenses by:
- Driving less, allowing her to save $20.00 in gasoline
- Preparing cost-effective meals and clipping coupons, reducing her grocery budget by $40.00
- Qualifying for Medicaid coverage, relieving her of $225.00 in health insurance costs
Stephanie’s efforts allowed her to save $285.00 per month. She was able to use a portion of her savings to reduce her credit card debt, eliminating the stress caused by a rising balance and accruing interest. She used the remaining $100.00 per month to open a savings account.