57 stock market statistics and facts to know in 2023

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In 2022, 61 percent of Americans were reported to own stock.

The stock market is a set of financial exchanges in which investors purchase and sell shares of companies and industries. Investors purchase shares to grow their business or raise money. The market typically references two major stock indexes: the S&P 500 and the Dow Jones Industrial Average. These indexes track the ever-changing performance of companies within the stock market.

Because the stock market is constantly in flux, it’s important to stay up to date with the latest trends and facts. We curated this information to provide a stock market summary—everything from the size of the global stock market and the different countries and companies that make it up to who invests in the stock market. Staying in the know with these latest trends can ensure you make better-informed decisions about investing

In this guide, explore the top stock market statistics and facts to know in 2023.

Global market by the numbers

Nearly all countries participate in a global stock exchange that allows for both local and international companies to be traded. The number of traded companies can vary from a couple hundred to as many as a couple thousand, but it’s usually proportionate to the size of the country. To learn more about the global stock market, check out these facts below:

  • The global market capitalization is around $105 trillion. (Statista)
  • The National Stock Exchange of India increased 134.5 percent compared to 2021, amounting to 32.57 billion contracts, the highest annual figure in the last six years. (World Exchanges 2022 Market Report)
  • The growth of the global GDP is forecast to climb by 1.6 percent in 2023. (J.P. Morgan)
  • The top 10 countries by world stock market capitalization as of May 2023 are: (CompaniesMarketCap.com)
    • United States: $43.7 trillion
    • China: $6.4 trillion
    • Japan: $4.4 trillion
    • India: $3.1 trillion
    • United Kingdom: $3 trillion
    • France: $2.9 trillion
    • Saudi Arabia: $2.6 trillion
    • Canada: $2.4 trillion
    • Germany: $2.3 trillion
    • Switzerland: $2.1 trillion
  • There are around 60 major stock exchanges in the world. (Forbes)
  • The top 10 major stock exchanges by market capitalization are: (Statista)
    • New York Stock Exchange (NYSE): $22.77 trillion
    • NASDAQ: $16.24 trillion
    • Shanghai Stock Exchange: $6.74 trillion
    • Euronext: $6.06 trillion
    • Japan Exchange Group: $5.38 trillion
    • Shenzhen Stock Exchange: $4.7 trillion
    • Hong Kong Stock Exchange: $4.56 trillion
    • National Stock Exchange of India: $3.34 trillion
    • LSE Group, U.K.: $3.1 trillion
    • Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul): $2.38 trillion
  • 71 percent of top global investors expect equities to rise in 2023. (Bloomberg)
  • Of all global stocks, 78.8 percent are controlled by the 10 largest global stock markets. Of that percentage, around 60 percent are managed by the NYSE and NASDAQ. (iExpats)
  • With a market value of $22.77 trillion, the New York Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange in the world. The next biggest is NASDAQ with a $16.24 trillion market capitalization—putting the two U.S. exchanges in the top two positions. (iExpats)
  • As of 2023, the average return of the stock market is around 10 percent. (Seeking Alpha)

U.S. stock market data

The U.S. stock market is the largest and most expensive in the world, with NASDAQ and the New York Stock Exchange topping the list. Here are some important statistics regarding the U.S. stock market:

  • As of January 2023, the value of stocks listed on U.S. exchanges made up 42 percent of the global total. (Visual Capitalist)
  • In 2023, stock markets in the United States accounted for nearly 60 percent of the world’s stocks. (Statista)
  • From March 2021 to March 2022, the market capitalization of U.S. companies in the Global Top 100 increased by 19 percent. (PwC)
  • The total market capitalization for the U.S. as a percentage of GDP is 153.7 percent as of March 31, 2023. (YCharts)
  • The top 10 best-performing stock returns in the U.S. as of Q1 2023 are: (Morning Star)
    • Fastly: 116.8%
    • Coinbase Global: 90.9%
    • Nvidia: 90.1%
    • Meta Platforms: 76.1%
    • EVgo: 74.3%
    • Spotify Technology: 69.2%
    • Rolls-Royce: 69.2%
    • Tesla: 68.4%
    • Sea: 66.3%
    • Roku: 61.7%
  • The equity markets in the U.S. are the largest in the world—they account for 41 percent of the $107 trillion global equity market cap in 2023. (SIFMA)
  • As of July 2022, 75.4 percent of equity and debt financing for nonfinancial corporations are provided by U.S. capital markets. (SIFMA)
  • The top 19 global stock market exchanges have a market capitalization of more than $1 trillion. (Statista)
  • U.S. GDP growth is forecast to grow by 1 percent in 2023. (J.P. Morgan)

Stock market statistics by industry

The stock market today is dominated by tech giants like Apple and Amazon, but it hasn’t always been that way. The stock market is notorious for its cyclical pattern of bubbles followed by crashes like the dot-com bubble and the U.S. housing bubble. Here are the current industries and companies dominating the market:

  • The U.S. stock market’s largest sector is the technology sector, which saw a 381.9 percent 10-year return vs. S&P 500. (Liberated Stock Trader)
  • In 2022, technology companies made up 34 percent of the Global Top 100 with a market capitalization of $12 trillion. (PwC)
  • Since 2018, healthcare companies have increased 84 percent in the Global Top 100. (PwC)
  • The top ten sectors in the world stock market: (MSCI World Index)
    • Information technology: 22.3%
    • Healthcare: 13.6%
    • Financials: 13.2%
    • Consumer discretionary: 10.6%
    • Industrials: 10.5%
    • Consumer staples: 7.8%
    • Communication services: 7%
    • Energy: 5.1%
    • Materials: 4.3%
    • Utilities: 3%
    • Real estate: 2.5%
  • The top five U.S. industries by revenue are: (IBISWorld)
    • Hospitals: $1.43 billion
    • Drug, cosmetic and toiletry wholesalers: $1.36 billion
    • Pharmaceuticals: $1.29 billion
    • Health and medical insurance: $1.25 billion
    • Commercial banking: $1.21 billion

By company

  • The 10 largest companies in the world by market capitalization as of 2023 are: (CompaniesMarketCap.com)
    • Apple: $2.8 trillion
    • Microsoft: $2.5 trillion
    • Saudi Aramco: $2.1 trillion
    • Alphabet: $1.6 trillion
    • Amazon: $1.2 trillion
    • Nvidia: $992 billion
    • Berkshire Hathaway: $704.1 billion
    • Meta Platforms: $672.8 billion
    • Tesla: $637.6 billion
    • TSMC: $528.9 billion
  • The 10 largest companies in the U.S. by market capitalization as of 2023 are: (CompaniesMarketCap.com)
    • Apple: $2.8 trillion
    • Microsoft: $2.5 trillion
    • Alphabet: $1.6 trillion
    • Amazon: $1.2 trillion
    • Nvidia: $992 billion  
    • Berkshire Hathaway: $704 billion
    • Meta Platforms: $672.8 billion
    • Tesla: $637.6 billion
    • Visa: $464 billion
    • UnitedHealth: $447 billion
  • Apple’s market capitalization is currently $2.79 trillion as of May 2023, making it the world’s most valuable company. (CompaniesMarketCap.com)
  • As of 2023, the top three publicly traded companies by revenue include Walmart ($622 billion), Amazon ($525 billion) and ExxonMobil ($395 billion). (CompaniesMarketCap.com)

Historical overview

The stock market has roots in history and is one of the integral aspects of the global economy. Dating back hundreds of years, the stock market is one of the oldest forms of investments and is still used daily to help gauge the performance and health of different areas of the economy. Learn more historical facts about the stock market below.

  • 1915 was the best stock market year in the history of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The index value increased by 81.66 percent to close at 99.15 points compared to 54.58 in the previous year. (Statista)
  • Since 1875, the U.S. has been in 34 recessions, 13 of which happened after World War II. (USAFacts)
  • In the last seven decades, the world economy has gone through four major recessions: in 1975, 1982, 1991 and 2009. (World Economic Forum)
  • The best stock market years by percent jump include: (A Wealth of Common Sense)
    • 1933: 54%
    • 1954: 52.6%
    • 1935: 47.7%
    • 1928: 43.6%
    • 1958: 43.4%
    • 1995: 37.6%
    • 1927: 37.5%
    • 1975: 37.2%
    • 1945: 36.4%
    • 1936: 33.9%
  • The worst stock market years by percent loss include: (A Wealth of Common Sense)
    • 1931: -43.3%
    • 2008: -37%
    • 1937: -35%
    • 1974: -26.5%
    • 1930: -24.9%
    • 2002: -22.1%
    • 1973: -14.7%
    • 2001: -11.9%
    • 1941: -11.6%
    • 1957: -10.8%
  • The longest bull market in U.S. stock market history ran from 2009 to 2020. (NASDAQ)
  • Over the last 75 years, the average recession has lasted around 10 months. (Forbes)
  • October is considered the most volatile month for stocks—typically 36 percent more volatile than the other months of the year. (NASDAQ)
  • Three stock market crashes with losses beyond -35 percent happened in this millennium. Two of the crashes caused market declines of >50 percent. (Daytradingz)

Investor stock market statistics

Corporations and companies are not the only players in the stock market—everyday Americans are, too. For instance, a 401(k) through your workplace would be an example of investing in the stock market. Read more for stock market statistics and facts related to investors.

  • Roughly 61 percent of Americans own stock. (Gallup)
  • In 2023, 66 percent of Americans ages 50 – 64 owned stock. (Gallup)
  • 53 percent of families in the United States are invested in the stock market. (Daytradingz)
  • Owning stock was the most common between 2001 and 2008—62 percent of Americans said they owned stock. (Gallup)
  • In 2022, 38 percent of Americans used a financial advisor to help manage their investments. (eMoney)
  • As of 2022, over one-third of Americans don’t have investment accounts or investments. (eMoney)
  • As of 2021, the richest 10 percent of Americans with the highest incomes own 10 times more stock than the lowest 60 percent of earners. (USAFacts)
  • In 2021, 67 percent of women in the U.S. invested outside of retirement. (Fidelity)
  • Algorithmic trading is estimated to account for between 60 percent and 73 percent of equity trading in the United States, giving AI the potential to impact the markets. (Mordor Intelligence)

By income

  • The top 1 percent of Americans hold 53 percent of stocks that are worth around $16.76 trillion. (Motley Fool)
  • Americans invested in the stock market by income as of April 2023: (Gallup)
Annual household incomeYes (%)No (%)
$100,000 or more   84%16%
$40,000 to $99,99963%36%
Less than $40,000 29%71%

By age

  • Millennials owned only 2.3 percent of all U.S. stocks in Q4 2022, compared to Gen X who owned 25.9 percent and baby boomers who owned 56.2 percent. (Federal Reserve)
  • Americans invested in the stock market by age as of April 2023: (Gallup)
Age Yes (%)No (%)
18 to 2941%58%
30 to 49 67%33%
50 to 64 66%34%

By gender

  • Americans invested in the stock market by gender as of April 2023: (Gallup)
Gender Yes (%)No (%)
Women 62%37%

By education

  • Americans invested in the stock market by education as of April 2023: (Gallup)
Education levelYes (%)No (%)
College graduate78%21%
Some college63%34%
High school or less41%59%

By ethnicity/race

  • Americans invested in the stock market by ethnicity/race as of April 2023: (Gallup)
Ethnicity/raceYes (%)No (%)
White (non-Hispanic)67%32%
People of color49%49%

By party identification

  • Americans invested in the stock market by party identification as of April 2023: (Gallup)
Party identificationYes (%)No (%)

Start investing today

Figuring out how to navigate the stock market can feel like a challenge, but the rewards can far outweigh the time it takes to do a little research. While starting early is great, it’s never too late to catch up on retirement or invest in a mutual fund. Taking control of your finances will help you feel more empowered to make smarter decisions along the way.

Consider hiring a financial advisor to help guide you along your investment journey. If you are interested in learning more about your credit, you can contact Lexington Law today.

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